For the future of our planet it is important to understand how ecosystems function and how they may be affected by anthropogenic disturbances such as deforestation and climate change. The composition of organisms and their interactions are vital parts of ecosystem functioning. Therefore, the understanding of species composition across a range of habitats allows us to get a better understanding of how ecosystems function and how they may be conserved in the future.

A team from the Soil Biodiversity Lab at the NHM, London, shows the methods that they were using to compare two old growth forest plots in Sabah, Malaysia.